Modal is a value-oriented law firm focused on Intellectual Property and related areas. We work with domestic and international clients in our patent, trademark and copyright practices as well as in protecting trade secrets.  

We tailor our process to each client’s specific portfolio needs and goals.  We work with our clients to define and clarify those needs and help them act accordingly.

We believe in developing and refining our relationships with clients one case at a time, over time, and for years to come.  

Practice Areas

Market Research and Prior Art Search

It is easier to prevent errors than to fix them.  Conducting a search early often saves money and time later.  Similarly, conducting research before entering a market can avoid unnecessary delays and litigation or licensing fees. 

Preparation and Filing of Applications

Modal works with clients, their inventors, and their designers to develop a full-range understanding of potential intellectual properties.  Modal can recommend and develop a portfolio of assets by drafting applications and associated documents to meet clients’ expectations.

Export Review

Modal’s substantial experience working with international clients provides essential background to aid clients with obtaining export clearances for their products and ideas from the United States.

Drafting Assignments of Rights

Modal assists with reviewing employment agreements and drafting assignments of rights and other transfers of intellectual property, both domestically and abroad.

Prosecution of Applications

Modal draws on years of experience helping domestic and international clients navigate intellectual property prosecution.  This experience in varied client needs allows Modal to focus on providing legal services at a price and on a schedule that pleases clients.

Legal Opinions

Modal provides legal analysis and formal opinion work preceding prosecution or litigation, or in response to legal notice received by the client.

Who is Modal?

Brian R. Epstein is an intellectual property lawyer with a special interest in serving the needs of his international clients through developing mutual cultural understanding. His relationship-based approach to client service provides value and focuses attention on working toward each client’s different needs. 

Latest Updates from Modal

A “Narrative” Narrative

USPTO Examiners sometimes reject claims in translated patent applications with a “blanket” indefiniteness rejection, rather than detailing specific issues in particular claims.  Such a rej…

Recasting Nonanalogous Art Arguments

When searching claims, an Examiner might begin with a primary reference showing the state of the art prior to Applicant’s invention.  Of course, the reference lacks Applicant’s modification (…

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